New Quebec Condo Fire Safety Regulations

Quebec has recently revamped their regulations governing the safety standards of condos and apartments within the province. In order to inform you about these now-obligatory security measures, specifically those having to do with fire safety, we’ve decided to provide you with a general summary of what they entail, right here in this post.

As mentioned above, Quebec has now adopted new security measures, in terms of fire safety and prevention, geared specifically toward shared-living establishments such as apartment buildings, condominiums, and townhouses.


Specific requirements are being enforced, within the city of Montreal, to limit risks of fire in buildings containing a high number of habitants. Among the detailed descriptions of general minimum requirements surrounding required maintenance of security and emergency fire systems, here are some specific rules applying explicitly to smoke detectors.


THE INSTALLATION OF SMOKE DETECTORS IS NOW MANDATORY



Owners of apartment and condo buildings are now responsible for the installation of smoke detectors on each floor of their property. Also included in this obligation is the regular testing, maintenance, and upkeep of these systems, as well as making sure all detectors are replaced after 10 years.

Similar to the current method for verifying the functionality and maintenance of a communal fire alarm system, condo owners are now required to keep a detailed log of tests and maintenance carried out on all smoke detectors within the establishment.

In addition, owners need to make sure other fire safety requirements are also met, and kept record of, such as: access to emergency exits, and firefighter intervention records.


REGULATIONS TO APPLY



AS OF MARCH 2014, WHEN THESE NEW REQUIRMENTS CAME INTO EFFECT, EACH APPARTMENT OR CONDO UNIT MUST CONTAIN: 

  • A smoke detector within a hallway leading to bedrooms, or between the bedrooms themselves. If the unit consists of two floors, a smoke detector must be installed on each floor. This new rule also requires owners to use only detectors that conform to code CAN/ULC-531, and must be installed on the ceiling or wall according to code CAN/ULC-S533. Additionally, a functional fire detection and alarm system MUST be installed in buildings housing more than 10 people.
  • The decibel levels of your alarm systems must also conform to requirements. For example, buildings containing several units must have a fire alarm system which emits at least 85 decibels, while 75 decibels is adequate for houses with several rooms. Rooms that contain fireplaces must also be equipped with a carbon monoxide detector. For this type of detector, it is highly recommended to choose a system that conforms to code CAN/CSA -6.19, which also contains a built-in alarm.


IN THE EVENT OF A FAILURE TO MEET THESE STANDARDS



In the event that inspections show a failure to meet required standards, owners face fines of up to $2000 per infraction by an individual, and up to $4000 for an infraction by a corporation.

For more information on these requirements, and for steps on how to make sure your building conforms to these standards, contact the experts at Guard-X, or take a look at this official document.

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