Standards

Fire safety standards in Montréal

For your safety as well as that of your family or employees, it is important that all your fire alarm systems in Montréal comply with current standards. At Guard-X Inc. our duty is to keep you informed so that you can take the lead. Systems must comply with CBCS, CNB 95.

Current fire safety issues


Fire safety issues relate to the reliability of facilities used to inform building occupants of the presence of a hazard and to enable them to respond appropriately. We invite you to review the latest changes you need to make to your protection and response systems, including sprinklers, fire extinguishers and alarms.

Why a new Building Chapter of the Security Code (CBCS)?


The CBCS complements the building regulations, allowing inspectors to correct problematic situations for recent constructions by requiring the owner, in addition to the contractor, to make corrections to bring the building into compliance with the Building Code in effect during construction.


The CBCS allows for the upgrading of certain safety features that are now considered insufficient to ensure minimum safety for occupants. In addition, it incorporates fire safety requirements through the introduction of the National Fire Code, which groups together the requirements related to the use of the building.

It also includes specific maintenance and verification requirements for certain facades (five or more floors) and certain parking lots (with a running surface that does not rest on the ground) to prevent accidents. It also requires owners of buildings with water-cooled towers to perform regular maintenance.

By making the CBCS the reference standard for municipal regulation, these amendments resolve a long-standing ambiguous situation regarding the division of this area of jurisdiction between the RBQ and municipalities.

Buildings subject to the installation of fire alarm systems in accordance with CNB95


Dwellings with sleeping areas, i.e.:
Apartment buildings
Rooming houses
Hotels, motels
Private residences for seniors with an independent clientele
Buildings with condominiums held in co-ownership
Care facilities, or the:
Hospitals
CHSLD
Supervised residences
Private residences for seniors with a semi-autonomous or non-self-governing clientele

The requirements of the buildings concerned


For buildings constructed or transformed before November 7, 2000, the fire detection and alarm system must comply with the requirements of the NBC 1995 mod. Québec, except those in subsection (5) of section 3.2.4.19. In any dwelling unit and in a hotel or motel suite with several rooms, the sound pressure level of a fire alarm signal shall be at least 85 dBA near the front door with the door closed.

(source : Régie du bâtiment du Québec)

Sprinklers


Upgrading of water inlets to standards: installation of an Anti-discharge device, or AR, in accordance with CSA B64.1 (already requested by the RBQ). This device prevents drinking water from being contaminated by stagnant water from sprinkler systems. Consult the documentation


Display of the types of connections for firefighters' use, in accordance with NFPA 170. See the symbol table.

Sprinklers to be installed in residences for the elderly according to CBCS and law 122. Read our blog article on this subject.

Inspection of sprinkler systems according to NFPA 25 standard: annual, semi-annual, quarterly, monthly and even weekly tests! How to find your way around? Refer to the Inspection and Test Frequency Table.

Fire alarms

Asking the right questions, and answering them, could well save your life!

  • Sound: Is your building in compliance with the latest Security Code?

  • Smoke alarms: are your’s battery operated or electric? Do you replace them every 10 years?

  • Monitoring centre: do you need it? Can you pair it with your anti-theft system? Do you connect it to a land or cell phone line?

  • Fire alarm panel: do you opt for addressable technology and the good old conventional method?

In case of doubt, do not hesitate to contact us: your safety is our priority and our business.

Extinguishers

To react quickly in the event of a fire, the presence of a fire extinguisher is a major asset. Two aspects should be considered:

  • Emergency lighting: LED bulbs could save you a lot of money.
  • Handling of fire extinguishers: could you respond in case of an emergency? Don't forget to take a training course at our premises or at home, with our accredited trainer!

Extinguishing systems

Is your computer data protected in the event of a fire? An extinguishing system could prevent you from huge losses! Think of the Sapphire clean agent system to protect your servers. Consult the brochure available on the ANSUL® manufacturer's website.


Which extinguishing system should be used in a paint chamber: a powder system or water jets? If your building is already equipped with sprinklers, they have an infinite water supply. They are to be prioritized! The powder system is more flexible and just as efficient if you do not have sprinklers in your building.

Smoke alarms

Smoke alarms in accordance with CAN/ULC-5531, "Smoke Detectors", must be installed:

1. In each dwelling unit on each floor, and on any floor where bedrooms are located, these smoke alarms must be installed between the bedrooms and the rest of the floor unless the bedrooms are served by a corridor, in which case, the smoke alarms must be installed in that corridor;
2. In each sleeping room that is not part of a dwelling unit, except in care or detention facilities that must be equipped with a fire alarm system;
3. In each corridor and rest area or common activity area of a seniors' residence that does not have a fire detection and alarm system.

For any questions regarding fire alarms, fire extinguishers and sprinkler systems in Montréal, contact Guard-X Inc. now!

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